Driving in the winter is different from driving during other times of the year. However, you can overcome these differences with our easy to follow twelve winter driving tips.
Twelve Winter Driving Tips
1. Increase Your Following Distance
As you would in any poor weather condition, the crucial first step is to reduce your speed and increase the following distance (i.e., the gap between your front bumper and rear bumper of the car ahead of you). This extra distance will give more time to break and make better decisions.
Generally, drivers are recommended to keep a distance of three seconds, but during the winter, it is recommended to increase that to four seconds or more.
2. Assign a Designated Driver
According to the NHTSA, over the past five years, every year about 300 people die in drunk driving crashes between Christmas and New Year. In fact, 25% of all car crash deaths are because of drunk drivers.
3. Test Your Brakes
Another critical component of safe winter driving is to test your breaks while driving slowly on wet, icy, or snowy roads. Doing this test will give you a good indication of how your breaks handle the winter weather road conditions.
Remember that it is better to break earlier and lighter than later and harder. It reduces the chances of your car skidding or you losing control of your vehicle.
4. Clean Your Car
Start by removing snow or ice from your windows, headlights, taillights, backup camera or other cameras or sensors your car may have. Having these components free from obstruction or malfunction can save you a lot of trouble.
5. Be Cautious
Whenever changing lanes or making turns, help guide others to your intentions by giving them more than enough warning using your indicators. By doing this, you’re also helping them reduce the likelihood of crashing into you.
6. Carry Supplies
You should carry some supplies in your car in case of an emergency. Things like:
- Snow shovel, broom, and ice scraper.
- Abrasive material such as sand or kitty litter, in case your vehicle gets stuck in the snow.
- Jumper cables, flashlight, and warning devices such as flares and emergency markers.
- Blankets for protection from the cold.
- A cell phone with charger, water, food, and any necessary medicine (for longer trips or when driving in lightly populated areas).
7. Check Your Car Battery
Get your battery and charging system checked out to confirm it is in proper condition – check your battery for sufficient voltage, amperage, and reserve capacity. During the winter, it takes more battery power to start your car than it usually does.
Similarly, electric vehicles have a shorter driving range during the winter when the battery is not warmed up.
8. Cleck Your Cooling System
Clean, flush and add new antifreeze into your cooling system. You should do this every two years.
9. Check Your Defrosters and Wipers
You will want to make sure that your defrosters, wiper blades and the heater is working as expected.
10. Check Your Tires
Check your tire tread depth and tire pressure. Depending on the weather near you, you may want to consider buying special tires designed to grip slick roads. You should also check the tire pressure of the spare in the trunk.
11. Check Car Lights
Another important thing to check is that your interior and exterior lights are working. In addition, the headlights should also be properly aimed (not too high or low).
12. Change Oil and Filter
Hopefully, you are changing your oil and filter as recommended by the manufacturer. You should also consider changing to winter weight oil if you live in an especially cold climate.